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Application notes & examples DataPhysics Instruments Logo

Application notes & examples

From application videos to application examples and application notes, this section will give you an impression on how our measuring devices and techniques are applied in science and industry. Furthermore you can find comprehensible descriptions of important terminology and measuring techniques in our knowledge base and a comprehensive list of well quoted literature. Information on measurements according to various international standards can be found in our collection of standards.

Application videos

Here you can find our application videos. They contain short examples of how our products can be applied.

PCA 200 introduction video

Water Adhesion on Plant Leaves

Water Roll-off

Automated Surface Energy Determination

Basic tensiometry using a Du Noüy ring

Spinning Drop Tensiometer

Picolitre dosing system PDDS

MultiScan introduction video

Oscillating Pendant Drop Method

Multifunctional Electronic Syringe Module

Langmuir trough module for tensiometers

Application examples

Our own customers can give you the best impression on how to use our measuring instruments successfully in industry and research. In the following you will find a few examples of publications that were made possible with the help of our measurement technique.

With the following checkboxes you can filter the application examples by utilised device type and used measuring technique or unique subject:

Device Type

Measuring Method / Subject

Comparing the backscattering intensity using blue and IR light sources in dispersion stability analysis

Studying the particle size distribution of a polystyrene suspension based on sedimentation

Understanding the phase separation behaviour of microemulsions for enhanced oil recovery processes

Measuring the surface potential and isoelectric point of polyester fibres with a zeta potential analyzer

Measuring the surface potential and isoelectric point of glass fibres with a zeta potential analyzer

Determination of the surface potential and isoelectric point of wafers with a zeta potential analyzer

Detection of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) using contact angle measurements

Evaluating the efficiency of surfactants by dynamic interfacial tension measurements of brine and crude oil

Studying the stability and kinetics of fast-breaking foam using face cleansing foam as example

Measuring the water contact angle on surface-treated polymer films according to ASTM D5946

Studying the tempering process of chocolate to understand the effect of the cooling rate on its quality

Measuring contact angles and absorption processes on wettable and non-wettable powders

Measuring interfacial tension of insulating liquids against water according to ASTM D971

Studying the gelation process during yogurt formation at different temperatures

Calculating mean particle size using sedimentation rate – tested with polystyrene-water-suspensions

Extending the limits of EOR surfactant research

Foam flooding - extending the limits of EOR

How the OCA can help the fight against cancer

How tensiometric measurements can improve battery technology

How the OCA can help develop fuel cells

How nature can inspire the development of new humidity and temperature controlled actuators

How a picolitre dosing system can help develop volatile surfactants

How zeta potential measurements can help to clean your clothes

Suppressing the coffee ring effect to fabricate asymmetric supraparticles

How contact angle measurements can help to lower the adverse effects of an oil spill

How contact angle measurements help to get insights on how to prolong the cycle life of rechargeable Zinc-Air Batteries

How surface tension and adhesive force measurements can help to improve the mechanical properties of basalt fibers

New tools for surface-wetting characterisation of super hydrophobic surfaces

How Contact Angle Measurements Can Help Explore Mars

An overview on how to analyse the wettability of contact lenses

How optical stability analysis can help to study Pickering Emulsions

How an optical stability analyzer can help find the cloud point of polymer solutions

How contact angle measurements can help to understand the Rose Petal Effect

Interfacial Tension Measurements Can Help to Extract Passionfruit Oil Efficiently

How high-tech measurement methods can help to find new ways for the conservation of ancient fossils

How single fiber measurements can help to develop materials for waste- and seawater purification

How tensiometric measurements can help understand the sorption kinetics of natural fibers

How to impart switchable wettability and adhesion on elastomer films

How peanut leaf can give an inspiration for materials that can do a humidity-controlled separation of diverse emulsions

How contact angles help to understand molten volcanic ash wetting in jet engines

How interfacial rheology can help to formulate a green surfactant

How contact angle measurements can help to develop overheat protections for lithium ion batteries

How contact angle measurements can help to utilize waste tires for construction industry

How surface tension measurements can help to find new foaming agents

How contact angle measurements can help to develop pulmonary NSAID delivery systems

How contact angle measurements help to improve the efficiency of urea fertilizers

How contact angle measurements can help to develop multifunctional textiles inspired by polar bear fur

How contact angle measurements can help develop anti-icing coatings

How contact angle measurements can help to improve microfluidic devices

How Contact Angle Measurement Can Help Develop Materials for Anti-Infective Bone Implants

How contact angle measurement can help to quantify outdoor weathering effects on wood paints

How contact angle measurements can help to develop new materials for 3D printing

How contact angle measurements can help to keep you cool in summer

How adhesive force measurements of gas bubbles can help to achieve an excellent performance of direct hydrazine fuel cells

How contact angle measurements can help to develop water resistant paper

How CMC measurements can help characterize and evaluate new biosurfactants

How contact angle and adhesive force measurements can help to understand directional transportation of drops and bubbles

How adhesive force and contact angle measurements help to develop wearable electronic devices

How dynamic contact angel measurements can help to understand self-cleaning surfaces

How adhesive force measurements of gas bubbles can help to improve electrolysis efficiency

Why kingfishers can fly in the rain without becoming wet – a study of dynamic wetting behavior

How Contact Angle Measurement Can Help to Understand Scar-free Wound Healing

How contact angle measurements help to characterize replicas of natural surfaces

How Contact Angle Measurements Help to Improve Antireflective/Antifogging Coatings

How contact angle measurements can help to improve the biocompatibility of dental implants

Determination of Low Interfacial Tensions with the Spinning Drop Video Tensiometer

MultiScan MS 20 Stability Analysis of Temperature-Sensitive Cutting Fluids

How shrinking a surface can increase its hydrophobicity

OCA Surface Energy Analysis of Dental Implants after Plasma Activation

How interfacial rheology can help to understand process-related modifications of whey proteins

Measuring Imaginary Dynamic Contact Angles on Dental Implants

Surface Energy determination on thin wires using picolitre drops

Stability study of a pesticide formulation

One-click surface energy determination

Stability study of battery coating slurries

Contact angle measurement of lipstick

Stability study of a commercial protein shake

Surface energy analysis for the verification of treatment effects on different polymer substrates

Stability analysis of latex emulsions with ultra-slow sedimentation rate

Measuring the surface tension of different molten granules

How contact angle measurements help to achieve efficient electrochemical CO2 reduction

Stability analysis of whey based beverages

Measuring contact angles on leaves at different relative humidity

Why measuring with at least three test liquids is recommended for Surface Energy analysis

How optical dispersion stability analysis can help to develop bone regeneration materials

Measuring dynamic contact angles on hydrophobic materials via tilting base method

Determination of heavy fuel oil stability and compatibility with MS 20 according to ASTM D7061

Absorption measurements of water droplets on filter membranes

Stability analysis of seasoning oil mixtures

How contact angle measurements can help to enhance the performance of engine oils

Stability Analysis of electroplating formulations

How contact angle measurements help to design artificial tongue surface

Determining the Surface Energy of Powders via Washburn Method

How contact angle and adhesive force measurement can help the fight against COVID-19

Temperature dependent stability analysis of polymer emulsions

Evaluation of beer foam stability

Effectiveness of surface treatment for dental implants using imaginary dynamic CA

Stability analysis of ink formulations

Stability study of the sol/gel reversible phase transition of a temperature-responsive hydrogel

Stability analysis of milk substitute products


Finding a reliable source of complementary knowledge may be key to the success of your projects. However, an individual cannot be expected to have all relevant application information at his/her fingertips. Hence, DataPhysics Instruments provides a selection of popular colloid and surface science literature. Moreover, we offer a substantial list of surface tensions of liquids and surface energies of solids as downloadable PDF.

Surface tensions/energiesfile_download

  • Books
    • E. Matijevic (Ed.): Surface and Colloid Science, Vol.1-15, Wiley Interscience & Plenum Publ. Co., 1969-1993, ISBN (Vol. 1) 0-4715-7630-1 ... ISBN (Vol. 15) 0-3064-4150-0, ISSN 0081-9573
    • K.S. Birdi (Ed.): Handbook of Surface and Colloid Chemistry, CRC Press, Boca Raton, New York, 1997, ISBN 0-8493-945-7; 2nd Ed., 2002, ISBN 0-8493-1079-2
    • A.W. Adamson, A.P. Gast: Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, 6th Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1997, ISBN 0-417-14873-3
    • D.J. Shaw: Introduction to Colloid and Surface Chemistry, 3rd Ed., Butterworths, London 1980, ISBN 0-408-71049-7
    • M.J. Schwuger: Lehrbuch der Grenzflächenchemie, Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, 1996, ISBN 3-13-137501-9
    • G. Brezesinski, H.-J. Mögel: Grenzflächen und Kolloide, Spektrum Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, Oxford, 1993, ISBN 3-86025-016-7
    • H.-D. Dörfler: Grenzflächen- und Kolloidchemie, VCH Verlag, Weinheim, 1994, ISBN 3-527-29072-9
    • H.-D. Dörfler: Grenzflächen und kolloid-disperse Systeme - Physik und Chemie, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2002, ISBN 3-540-42547-0
    • P.C. Hiemenz, R. Rajagopalan: Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry, 3rd Ed., Marcel Dekker, New York, 1997, ISBN 0-8247-9397-8
    • D. Myers: Surfaces, Interfaces, and Colloids, 2nd Ed., Wiley-VCH, New York, 1999, ISBN 0-471-33060-4
    • M.J. Jaycock, G.D. Parfitt: Chemistry of Interfaces, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1981, ISBN 0-470-27013-6
    • F. MacRitchie: Chemistry at Interfaces, Academic Press, San Diego, 1990, ISBN 0-12-464785-5
    • D.F. Evans, H. Wennerström: The Colloidal Domain - Where Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Technology meet, VCH, New York, 1994, ISBN 1-56081-525-6
    • J. Lyklema: Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science: Solid-Liquid Interfaces, Academic Press, New York, 1995, ISBN 0-1246-0524-9
    • R.J. Hunter: Introduction to Modern Colloid Science, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1993, ISBN 0-19-855387-0
    • J.N. Israelachvili: Intermolecular and Surface Forces, 2nd Ed., Academic Press, New York, 1991, ISBN 0-1237-5181-0
    • C.J. van Oss: Interfacial Forces in Aqueous Media, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994, ISBN 0-8274-9168-1
    • J.S. Rowlinson, B. Widom: Molecular Theory of Capillarity, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989, ISBN 0-19-855642-X
    • R. Finn: Equilibrium Capillary Surfaces, Springer Verlag, New York, 1986, ISBN 0-387-96174-7
    • A.I. Rusanov, F.C. Goodrich (Eds.): The Modern Theory of Capillarity, Akademie Verlag, Berlin, 1981
    • S. Hartland, R.W. Hartley: Axissymmetric Fluid-Liquid Interfaces, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1976, ISBN 0-4444-1396-0
    • K.L. Mittal (Ed): Contact Angle, Wettability and Adhesion, VSP, Utrecht, 1993, ISBN 90-6764-157-X
    • J.C. Berg: Wettability, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993, ISBN 0-8247-9046-0
    • J. F. Padday (Ed.): Wetting, Spreading and Adhesion, Academic Press, New York, 1978, ISBN 0-1254-4350-1
    • M.E. Schrader, G. Loeb (Eds): Modern Approaches to Wettability, Plenum Press, New York, 1992, ISBN 0-3064-3985-9
    • A.I. Rusanov, V.A. Prokhorov: Interfacial Tensiometry, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1996, ISBN 0-444-92128-7
    • K.L. Mittal (Ed): Adsorption at Interfaces, 5th Ed., Wiley Interscience, New York, 1990, ISBN 0-8412-0249-4
    • S.S. Dukhin, G. Kretschmar, R. Miller: Dynamics of Adsorption at Liquid Interfaces, Elsevier, Amsterdam 1995, ISBN 0-444-88117-4
    • C.A. Miller, P. Neogi: Interfacial Phenomena, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1985, ISBN 0-8274-7490-6
    • C. Isenberg: The Science of Soap Films and Soap Bubbles, Dover Publ., New York, 1992, ISBN 0-486-26960-4
    • D. Möbius, R. Miller: Drops and Bubbles in Interfacial Research, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1998, ISBN 0-444-82894-X
    • N.R. Morrow (Ed): Interfacial Phenomena in Petroleum Recovery, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1990, ISBN 0-8274-8385-9
    • C.A. Croxton: Fluid Interfacial Phenomena, John Wiley, Chichester, 1986, ISBN 0-4719-0757-X
    • D.K. Chattoraj, K.S. Birdi: Adsorption and the Gibbs Surface Excess, Plenum Press, New York, 1984, ISBN 0-306-41334-5
    • K. Tsujii: Surface Activity - Principles, Phenomena, and Applications, Academic Press, San Diego, 1998, ISBN 0-12-702280-5
    • H.-F. Eicke: Interfacial Phenomena in Apolar Media, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987, ISBN 0-8247-7506-6
    • T.F. Tadros: Surfactants, Academic Press, London, 1984, ISBN 0-12-682180-1
    • D. Myers: Surfactant Science and Technology, VCH Publishers, New York, 1988, ISBN 0-89573-339-0
    • K. Kosswig, H. Stache (Eds.): Die Tenside, C. Hanser Verlag, München, Wien, 1993, ISBN 3-446-16201-1
    • N.M. van Os, J.R. Haak, L.A.M. Rupert: Physio-chemical Properties of Selected Anionic, Cationic and Nonionic Surfactants, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1993, ISBN 0-444089691-0
    • M.J. Rosen: Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, 2nd Ed., John Wiley, New York, 1989, ISBN 0-471-83651-6
    • M.J. Rosen (Ed.): Structure performance relationships in surfactants, ACS, Washington, DC, 1984, ISBN 0-8412-0839-5
    • K.L. Mittal (Ed.): Surfactants in Solution, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996, ISBN 0-8247-9792-2
    • P.M. Holland, D.N. Rubingh: Mixed Surfactant Systems, ACS, Washington D.C., 1992, ISBN 0-8412-2468-4
    • A.I. Rusanov: Micellization in Surfactant Solution, Gordon & Breach, New York, 1999, ISBN 90-5702-297-4
    • K. Holmberg, B. Jönsson, B. Lindman: Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Solution, 2nd. Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 2003, ISBN 0-471-49883
    • J.D. Andrade (Ed.): Surface and Interfacial Aspects of Biomedical Polymers, Vol.1: Surface chemistry and physics, Vol. 2: Protein adsorption, Plenum Press, New York, 1985, ISBN 0-306-41741-3 & 0-306-41742-1
    • M. Bender (Ed.): Interfacial Phenomena in Biological Systems, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1991, ISBN 0-8247-8436-7
    • D. Möbius, R. Miller: Proteins at Interfaces, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1998, ISBN 0-4448-2944-X
    • S. Magdassi: Surface Activity of Proteins: Chemical and Physicochemical Modifications, Dekker, New York, 1996, ISBN 0-8247-9532-6
    • M.N. Jones: Micelles, Monolayers, and Biomembranes, Wiley-Liss, New York, 1994, ISBN 0-471-56139-8
    • V.N. Kazakov, O.V. Sinyachenko, V.B. Fainerman, U.Pison, R. Miller: Dynamic Surface Tensiometry in Medicine, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2000, ISBN 0-4445-0411-7
    • I. Noda, D.N. Rubingh: Polymer Blends, Solutions, and Interfaces, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992, ISBN 0-4448-9397-0
    • S.Wu: Polymer Interface and Adhesion, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1982, ISBN 0-8247-1533-0
    • K.L. Mittal (ed.): Polymer Surface Modification: Relevance to Adhesion, VSP, Utrecht, 1996, ISBN 90-6764-201-0
    • M.R. Piggott (Ed.): Interfaces in Composites, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991, ISBN 1-85166-667-2
    • K.L. Mittal, H.R. Anderson (Eds): Acid-Base Interactions: Relevance to Adhesion Science and Technology, VSP, Utrecht 1991, ISBN 90-6764-135-9
    • L.H. Lee (Ed): Fundamentals of Adhesion, Plenum Press, New York, 1990, ISBN 0-3064-3470-9
    • W.C. Wake: Adhesion and Formulation of Adhesives, Elsevier, New York, 1982, ISBN 0-8533-4134-1
    • I. Skeist: Handbook of Adhesives, 3rd Ed., Chapman & Hall, New York, 1990, ISBN 0-412-09681-1
    • A.J. Kinloch: Adhesion and Adhesives, Chapman & Hall, London, 1987, ISBN 0-412-27440-X
    • A.F.M. Barton: Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters, CRC Press, Boca Raton, New York, 1991, ISBN 0-8493-0176-9
    • C.M. Hansen: Hansen Solubility Parameters, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2000, ISBN 0-8493-1525-5
    • H.J. Jakobasch: Oberflächenchemie faserbildender Polymere, Akademie Verlag, Berlin, 1984
    • I.B. Ivanov: Thin Liquid Films, Marcel Dekker, New York, Basel, 1988, ISBN 0-8247-7763-8
    • M.K. Sharma: Surface Phenomena and Additives in Water-Based Coatings and Printing Technology, Plenum Press, New York, 1992, ISBN 0-3064-4103-9
    • R.J. Stokes, D.F. Evans: Fundamentals of Interfacial Engineering, VCH, New York, 1996, ISBN 0-471-18647-3
    • K.L. Mittal: Surface and Colloid Science in Computer Technolgy, Plenum Press, New York, 1987, ISBN 0-306-42602-1
    • P.A. Kralchevsky, K. Nagayama: Particles at Fluid Interfaces and Membranes, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2001, ISBN 0-4445-0234-2
    • D.A. Edwards, H. Brenner, D.T. Wasan: Interfacial Transport Processes and Rheology, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, 1991, ISBN 0-7506-9185-9
    • A.W. Neumann, J.K. Spelt: Applied Surface Thermodynamics, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996, ISBN 0-8274-9096-0
    • S.A. Safran: Statistical Thermodynamics of Surfaces, Interfaces, and Membranes, Addison-Wesley, Reading MA, 1994, ISBN 0-201-62633-0
    • S. Chen, R. Rajagopalan: Statistical Thermodynamics of Micelles and Microemulsions, Springer Verlag, New York, 1990, ISBN 3-5409-7106-8
    • M. Borówko: Computational Methods in Surface and Colloid Science, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2000, ISBN 0-8247-0323-5
    • P. Becher: Dictionary of Colloid and Surface Science, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1989, ISBN 0-8274-8326-3
    • L.E. Schramm: Dictionary of Colloid and Interface Science, 2nd Ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001, ISBN 0-471-39406-8
  • Journals
    • Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Academic Press, New York, ISSN 0021-9797
    • Langmuir, American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., ISSN 0743-7463
    • Colloids and Surfaces A - Physicochemical and engineering aspects, Elsevier, Amsterdam, ISSN 0927-7757
    • Colloids and Surfaces B - Biointerfaces, Elsevier, Amsterdam, ISSN 0927-7765
    • Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, Amsterdam, ISSN 0001-8686
    • Journal of Adhesion Science Technology, VNU Science Press, ISSN 0169-4243
    • International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, Elsevier, Amsterdam, ISSN 0143-2691
    • Journal of Dispersion Science Technology, Marcel Dekker, New York, ISSN 0193-2691
    • Colloid Journal (engl. transl. of Kolloidnyi Zhurnal) Maik Nauka, Moscow/Interperiodica Publ., ISSN 0190-4337
    • Powder Technology, Elsevier, Amsterdam, ISSN 0032-5910
    • SIA Surface and Interface Analysis, Wiley, Chichester, ISSN 0142-2421
    • Trends in Colloid and Interfacial Science, Verlag Th. Steinkopff, Darmstadt, ISSN 0340-255X
    • Colloid & Polymer Science, Verlag Th. Steinkopff, Darmstadt, ISSN 0303-402X
    • Tenside, Surfactants, Detergents, Hanser Verlag, München, ISSN 0040-3490
    • SÖFW-Journal, Verlag für Chemische Industrie, Augsburg, ISSN 0173-5500